England Primary Mathematics Key Stage 1 Year 1 National Curriculum
Strands and substrands of the curriculum are -
- Number – number and place value
- Number – addition and subtraction
- Number – multiplication and division
- Number – fractions
- Geometry – properties of shapes
- Geometry – position and direction
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in key stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the four operations, including with practical resources [for example, concrete objects and measuring tools].
At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching should also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.
By the end of year 2, pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency.
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